Bender Family

By RodneyHatfieldJr for Into The Mind

There I was sitting on the couch flipping through the Hulu looking for something to watch. Since every theater is closed for a virus with a 10% hospitalization rate, and less than a 1% fatality rate. Just wait till October and flu season. There will be Karen’s and Becky’s in bio-hazard suits. Sorry, a bit of the cabin fever. Anyway, I was flipping through the new movies and came across “Bender” from 2017. A movie about one of the first family of serial killers in the US. If you don’t know the story, then you are in luck.  

In 1870, a group of three new families moved to the windy plains near what would become Cherryvale, Kansas. They were Spiritualists, a religion that was foreign to the homesteaders already in the new state, but locals tended to accept newcomers. With the Native American attacks and the general danger of living on the plains, more neighbors were always a good thing. Two of the families moved away within a year, discouraged by the difficult conditions. But the Benders were different.


At first, they appeared to be a normal family. John Bender, Sr., and his family settled near the Great Osage Trail. The trail would later be known as the Santa Fe Trail. This trail which innumerable travelers passed on their way to the West. The older Bender, called "Pa," made a claim for 160 acres in what is now Labette County. His son John (also called Thomas) claimed a smaller parcel that adjoined Pa's land, but never lived on or worked it. The Benders also included "Ma" and a daughter named Kate, who advertised herself as Spiritualist medium and healer. Ma and Pa reportedly mostly spoke German, however, the younger Benders spoke fluent English.


The family built a one-room home equipped with a canvas curtain(canvas used from the wagons) that divided the space into two areas. The front was an inn and dry goods store, and the family quarters were in the back. Travelers on the trail were welcome to refresh themselves with a meal and resupply their wagons with different goods. Mostly liquor, tobacco, horse feed, gunpowder, and a few canned and dried foods. Daughter Kate was the most outgoing of the Bender family. She often referred to herself as a fortune teller and healer. It was also rumored that Kate was a prostitute. The community was often overheard talking about Kate and Ma being witches and studying witchcraft. An attractive young woman, Kate drew extra business to the Bender place when she was around. More often than not, she could found traveling to spiritualism lectures and holding her own healing services.


The trail was a dangerous place, and there were many reasons for travelers to go missing on their way out West. Bandits, accidents, conflicts with Native Americans, and disease were the leading causes. But over the course of several years, more and more people went missing when they passed through Labette County. It usually took time for such disappearances to draw attention. The mail and news traveled slowly. 


But that all changed in March 1873 after a well-known physician from Independence, Kansas, named Dr. William York seemingly disappeared after getting off the train at Cherryvale. Dr. York had two powerful brothers who were determined to find out what happened to him: Colonel Edward York and Kansas Senator Alexander York.


Colonel York led an investigation in Labette County with a group of armed men. As recorded in the book series from Little House on the Prairie, Charles Ingalls went on two of the search parties looking for lost people. He also rode on one of the vigilante groups looking for the Benders. The homestead of the Ingalls was less than 15 miles from the Bender Inn. Colonel York arrived at the inn, the Benders denied all knowledge of York's disappearance. However, when questioned about an earlier report of a woman who had been threatened with pistols and knives at the inn, Ma Bender flew into a violent passion. Ma defended herself by claiming that the visitor had been a witch, a "bad and wicked woman, whom she would kill if ever she came near them again.”


Around the same time, the township held a meeting at the Harmony Grove schoolhouse; both male Benders were in attendance. The townsfolk decided to search every homestead for evidence of the missing. But luck would have it that the weather turned bad, and it was several days before a search could begin. A passing neighbor noticed starving farm animals wandering the Bender property. When he investigated the inn, he found it empty: The Benders had fled. The volunteers who later arrived for the search noted that the Benders' wagon was gone; little else had been taken from the home besides food and clothing.


Though the house was empty, all else seemed normal. That is until someone opened a trap door in the floor. What they found beneath it was chilling. The trap door, located behind the curtain in the Benders' private quarters, led to a foul-smelling cellar, which was drenched with blood. Horrified, the group lifted up the cabin from its foundations and dug into the ground, yet found nothing. The investigation then turned to the garden, which was freshly plowed; neighbors recalled that the garden always seemed freshly plowed.


Working through the night, the volunteers first unearthed York's body. The back of his head had been smashed, and his throat slit. Soon, they found more bodies with similar injuries. Accounts differ about the number of bodies excavated from the site, but totals hover around a dozen. In all, the Benders may have committed as many as 21 murders. Their terrible work garnered the family only a few thousand dollars and some livestock.


Investigators later pieced together the group's modus operandi. It's believed that guests at the inn were urged to sit against the separating curtain, and while dining, would be hit on the head with a hammer from behind the curtain. Their body was then dropped into the trap door to the cellar, where one of the Benders slit their unfortunate victim's throat before stripping the body of its valuables.


A witness only recorded as a Mr. Wetzell, heard this theory and remembered a time when he had been at the inn and declined to sit in the designated spot near the curtain. His decision had caused Ma Bender to become angry and abusive toward him, and when he saw the male Benders emerge from behind the cloth, he and his companion decided to leave. Then another traveler named William Pickering told an almost identical story. The crimes created a sensation in the newspapers, drawing journalists and curiosity-seekers from all over the country. The Minneapolis Star-Tribune reported over 3000 people at the crime scene, with more trains arriving. A book published in Philadelphia soon after the murders were discovered, The Five Fiends, or, The Bender Hotel Horror in Kansas. The house in which the murders took place was disassembled and carried away piece by piece by souvenir seekers.


Senator York offered a $1000 reward for the Benders, and the governor chipped in another $2000, but the reward was never claimed. In the years following the sensational crimes, several women were arrested as Ma or Kate, but none were positively identified. A number of vigilante groups claimed to have found the Benders and murdered them, but none brought back proof. The older Benders were allegedly seen on their way to St. Louis by way of Kansas City, and the younger Benders were supposedly seen heading to an outlaw colony on the border of Texas and New Mexico, but no one knows what ultimately became of them.


Investigators were likely hampered by the group’s deceit. After extensive investigating, none of the Benders were actually named Bender, and the only members who were likely related were Ma and her daughter Kate. "Pa" was reportedly born John Flickinger in the early 1800s in either Germany or the Netherlands. "Ma" is said to have been born Almira Meik, and her first husband named Griffith, with whom she had 12 children. Ma was married several times before marrying Pa, but each husband before him reportedly died of head wounds. Her daughter Kate was born Eliza Griffith. John Bender, Jr.'s real name was John Gebhardt, and many who knew them in Kansas said he was Kate's husband, not her brother.

Today, nothing remains to indicate the exact location where the Bender house stood, although there is a historical marker at a nearby rest area. Though rumors still surround the case. Some say Ma murdered Pa over stolen property soon after they fled, others that Pa committed suicide in Lake Michigan in 1884. After 140 years, we will probably never know what really happened to the Bloody Benders.

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